Ghana is no more. West Africa in the 13th century was a divided land of conflict and petty kingdoms. Among those petty kings were those of the Malinke, who in just 40 years time will transform into the most powerful and dynamic force in the entire region, forever transforming West Africa.
Also introducing the jeliw, the hereditary bard caste of the Malinke and other Mande peoples.
(Pictured above: 1890 Fulbe jeliw of Sambala)